All Java variables must be identified with unique names.
These unique names are called identifiers.
Identifiers can be short names (like x and y) or more descriptive names (age, sum, totalVolume).
Note: It is recommended to use descriptive names in order to create understandable and maintainable code:
// Good int minutesPerHour = 60; // OK, but not so easy to understand what m actually is int m = 60;
The general rules for naming variables are:
- Names can contain letters, digits, underscores, and dollar signs
- Names must begin with a letter
- Names should start with a lowercase letter and it cannot contain whitespace
- Names can also begin with $ and _ (but we will not use it in this tutorial)
- Names are case sensitive (“myVar” and “myvar” are different variables)
- Reserved words (like Java keywords, such as
boolean) cannot be used as names